Are you planning to transport an oversized load? Without adequate preparation, heavy haulage can be a risky undertaking. Read the extract below to learn how to prepare for heavy haulage.
Choose a Suitable Truck
The type of load will determine what kind of trailer you will use during transport. Flatbed and step deck trailers are commonly used in heavy haulage to transport of earthmovers and construction equipment. You may need self-propelled modular transporters to transport heavy communication equipment, oil rigs and turbines. If possible, dismantle the load. For instance, you could detach bulldozer blades and excavator attachments. It ensures you have an easy time loading and offloading the equipment.
Conduct a road survey to determine transport risks such as sharp bends, narrow and slippery roads, bridges, and low-lying electrical cables. Preferably, use routes with minimal traffic to avoid inconveniencing other road users. Besides, conduct a weather forecast to avoid poor weather when transporting the load.
You will need permits to use the various road networks. Check state regulations regarding the use of pilot vehicles. For instance, what type of cars should you use? What kinds of warning signs should the vehicles have? Should the drivers have any specialised training? What communication equipment should the driver use?
The transport plan is a document that details how you will transport the load from the pickup point to its destination. It includes the following;
- How will you load and unload the cargo? For instance, you may need cranes and ramps.
- The routes you intend to use and your alternatives if the roads are impassable
- Where will the trucks stop to refuel?
- For long-distance haulage, indicate the number of hours each driver will work, and where the team will make stops to relax and refresh.
- Communication protocol. The transport team should have a leader in direct contact with management.
How would the team respond to emergencies? Provide emergency contacts to the fire brigade, local police and ambulance services. How should the team react if the heavy haulage truck breaks down? Preferably, have an alternative truck on standby to save the situation. Unhook the truck from the trailer, and proceed transport with the new prime mover.
Your team must be in contact with the police. They will help divert traffic in urban areas. Besides, they can inform drivers of changing road conditions that might compromise transport. For instance, accidents on the highway may cause traffic snarl-ups.
When preparing for heavy haulage, choose a suitable truck, conduct a road survey, apply for permits, and formulate a transport and emergency plan.